Thursday, October 28, 2004

India: Press Statement from Communist Party of India (Maoist)

The peculiarity of the situation is that both these parties continued to flow as two separate streams of the revolutionary communist movement, wedded to the same cause of carrying forward the Indian revolution over the past 35 years. All these steps taken together clearly disclosed a unified understanding on almost all ideological and political questions of line. The line established provided a principled basis for the unity achieved by both the parties. Basing on this unity the Joint Central Committee meeting finally resolved to unite the two parties into a single unified party, which will henceforth be called the CPI (M).
Communist Party of India (Maoist) founded

We recently learned of a very important development in the communist movement in India – the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The Party was formed though the merger of the Communist Party of India (People’s War) and the Maoist Communist Centre (India), the two largest Maoist organisations in India. Both have a long and glorious tradition of leading the masses in waging revolutionary armed struggle in that country. The new party leaders pledged to carry through people’s war until political power is captured throughout the country, to complete the new democratic revolution in India, and to proceed to build socialism as part of the worldwide struggle for communism. The former MCCI has been a participating party of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement and the CPI (PW) has also been actively involved in the international communist movement. Throughout India and beyond revolutionary people are expecting that the formation of the unified party will accelerate the whole revolutionary process. Following is the press statement released on the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).

On 21 September 2004, amidst a revolutionary atmosphere in one of the guerrilla zones of India, the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) was declared at a public meeting before an assembly of peoples’ guerrilla fighters, party activists and activists of mass organisations. This declaration is now being released to the entire people of our country and the world. The two parties, the Maoist Communist Centre of India and the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)(People’s War), were merged to form the new unified party, the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The formation of this unified party has fulfilled the desires and aspirations of the working class, peasantry and the entire oppressed masses of the country for a genuine proletarian party that can lead them to revolutionary change for the establishment of a new democratic society, advancing towards socialism and communism.

This unified party has been formed after thoroughgoing discussions firstly held between the high-level delegations of the two parties and then finalised by the Joint Central Committee meeting of both the parties. Through these deep-going and constructive discussions, held on an equal footing, five different documents have been drafted and finalised.

These documents are:

Hold High the Bright Red Banner of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the Party Programme, Strategy and Tactics of the Indian Revolution, the Political Resolution on the International and Domestic Situation and the Party Constitution. In addition to these documents it has also been decided that our beloved leaders and teachers of the respective parties, the late Comrade Charu Mazumdar and Comrade Kanai Chatterjee, will be recognised and highlighted as the founding leaders of the unified party. It was also decided that both these parties, stemming from the turbulent period of the decade of the 1960s, particularly from the great Naxalbari uprising, livingly inherited all that was revolutionary in the long history of the Indian communist movement.

The peculiarity of the situation is that both these parties continued to flow as two separate streams of the revolutionary communist movement, wedded to the same cause of carrying forward the Indian revolution over the past 35 years. All these steps taken together clearly disclosed a unified understanding on almost all ideological and political questions of line. The line established provided a principled basis for the unity achieved by both the parties. Basing on this unity the Joint Central Committee meeting finally resolved to unite the two parties into a single unified party, which will henceforth be called the CPI (M). Comrade Ganapati was unanimously elected as the general secretary of the new party.

The formation of the unified Communist Party of India (Maoist) will certainly prove to be a new milestone in the history of the communist movement of India. A unified Maoist party based on MLM continued to be a long and highly cherished need of the revolutionary-minded and oppressed people of the country including all our ranks, and also all Maoist forces of South Asia and worldwide. Today this long cherished desire and dream has been transformed into a reality.

The new Communist Party of India (Maoist) will continue to act as a consolidated political vanguard of the Indian proletariat. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism will be the ideological basis guiding its thinking in all the spheres of its activities. It will continue its struggle against right and left deviations, particularly against revisionism, by taking this as the main danger for the communist movement as a whole. It will still seek to unite all genuine Maoist groups and individuals that remain outside this unified Party. The immediate aim and programme of the Maoist party is to carry on and complete the already ongoing and advancing New Democratic Revolution in India as a part of the world proletarian revolution by overthrowing the semi-colonial, semi-feudal system under the neo-colonial form of indirect rule, exploitation and control. This revolution will remain directed against imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucratic capitalism.

This revolution will be carried out and completed through armed agrarian revolutionary war, i.e. protracted people's war, with the seizure of power by armed force remaining as its central and principal task, encircling the cities from the countryside and thereby finally capturing them. Hence the countryside as well as the Protracted People’s War (PPW) will remain as the “centre of gravity” of the party’s work, while urban work will be complementary to it. Because the armed struggle will remain as the highest and main form of struggle and the army as the main form of organisation of this revolution, hence the armed struggle will continue to play a decisive role, whereas the united front will be built in the course of armed struggle and for the seizure of power through armed struggle. Mass organisations and mass struggles are necessary and indispensable but their purpose is to serve the war.

We also declare that the PGA and PLGA has been merged into the unified PLGA (People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army). Both the erstwhile PGA of the CPI(ML)(PW)} and the PLGA (of the erstwhile MCCI) have a glorious history of death-defying battles and sacrifices. Their merger has enhanced their battle ability enormously. Thereafter the most urgent task, i.e. the principal task of the party, is to develop the unified PLGA into a full-fledged People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and transforming the existing Guerrilla Zones into Base Areas, thereby advancing wave upon wave towards completing the New Democratic Revolution. The formation day of the PLGA is to be December 2, the day when a People’s Guerrilla Army was formed for the first time ever in our country in 2000, on the first anniversary of the martyrdom of the three CCMs, comrades Shyam, Mahesh and Murali.

Apart from this the unified party will continue to pay added attention to building a new wave of revolutionary mass movements on various political and other issues of the people.


It will involve all the vast section of the masses in these struggles directed against the imperialists, feudalism and the comprador bureaucratic bourgeoisie. The vicious imperialist offensive on our country has resulted in mass destitution of an already impoverished people, particularly in the countryside, which has even witnessed thousands of suicides. It will mobilise vast sections of the masses against the growing onslaught of the imperialists on the country, against state repression together with mobilising support for all the movements directed against imperialism and feudalism. The new party will also continue to support the struggle of the nationalities for self-determination, including their right to secession, and condemn the brutal state repression on these movements. It will pay special attention in mobilising and organising the women masses as a mighty force of the revolution, and will also fight against all other forms of social oppression, particularly untouchability and casteism. It will continue to expose, isolate and defeat the more dangerous Hindu fascist forces, while exposing all other fundamentalist forces. It will continue to do so while keeping the edge of the people’s struggles directed against the new Congress rulers in Delhi along with the CPI/CPM and their imperialist chieftains.

It will continue to expose and resist the expansionist designs of the Indian ruling classes along with their imperialist chieftains, particularly the US imperialists. It will more actively stand by the side of the struggling Nepali people led by the CPN (Maoist), and vehemently oppose the Indian expansionists and US imperialists from intervening in Nepal with their military might. It will also continue to support the people’s war led by the Maoist parties in Peru, Philippines, Turkey and elsewhere. It will continue to support all people’s struggles directed against imperialism and reaction. It will also support the working class movement and other people’s movements the world over. It will continue to stand by the side of the resistance struggle of the Iraqi and Afghan people in their mighty struggle against the US imperialist-led aggression and occupation.
The unified party will continue to hold high the banner of proletarian internationalism and will continue to contribute more actively in uniting the genuine MLM forces at the international level. In addition to that it will also establish unity with the oppressed people and nations of the whole world and continue to fight along with them in advancing the world proletarian revolution against imperialism and their lackeys, thereby paving the way towards realising socialism and then communism on a world scale.

Thousands of our martyrs have laid down their valuable lives for these lofty aims. The Central Committee (Provisional) pledges that it will continue to advance on the path illuminated by them and thereby mobilise all its existing and latent energies in transforming the dreams of the martyrs into a reality.

With revolutionary greetings, Kishan, Secretary of the erstwhile MCCI, and Ganapati Secretary of the erstwhile CPI( ML)Peoples War, October 14, 2004

Email to Dak Bangla from RED RPG