Thursday, October 14, 2004

Bangladesh : Domestic Failures and Interventionist Conspiracy Theories - Part-2

[ We have been discouraged in course of pre- and post-independence history with the so-called infallible theories against any possibility of independent economic survivability of Bangladesh. Theories suggesting that independent Bangladesh must have to live as a state economically subservient to the big neighbour India, had then been presented to argue not only to discourage the independence movement but later also continued to get used to discourage any normal bilateral political-economic neighborly relation between India and Bangladesh, with shrewd campaign sowing the seed of suspicion hindering even normal bilateral relation between these two countries. The skewed political campaign made in the same line in Bangladesh not only weakens and erodes the self-respect and self-confidence of a country whose people inherits the pride of fighting and liberating the country through armed struggle, but also makes it on the other hand susceptible to get misguided in the path of upbringing of healthy foreign relation strategy of "enmity with none and friendship with all", which is constitutionally the declared paradigm of foreign relation strategy as well found beneficial for a developing country like Bangladesh. ]

Domestic Failures and Foreign Interventionist Theories: Part-2

Afroza Begum

A Post 8/21 Bangladesh Citizen's Intelligence Report

It is needful here and now to recall the polarization of the international forces those then supported the creation of Bangladesh in 1971, rising in condemnation of the massive crime of rape and genocide carried out by the Pakistani Military Junta under the Presidentship of General Yahya Khan. The Socialist Governments of the World under the leadership of now defunct Soviet Union and the democratic Governments and non-state social/democratic activists in and around the World led by the India challenged the opposing camp led by the nexus of US and Chinese administration who stood by the side of military dictator of Pakistan terming the genocide an "internal affair" of Pakistan. The role of the Muslim countries were extremely reprehensible while they had totally ignored that the largest genocide against the Muslim population was being carried out in the then East Pakistan by the rulers of Muslim Pakistan.

I would like the readers to especially note that going meticulously all through the 1400 years of history of Islam one would find that the scale of rape and genocide carried out in Bangladesh in 1971, by the cruelest Muslim dictator General Yahya Khan surpassed all records in number and brutality found in the Muslim history. The other act of genocide taking the second highest human toll was the Armenian genocide carried out in 1915-16 by the Turkish Army led by the "Young Turk Movement" but that was in the size of even half in number (1.5 Million Christians) than that was carried out by the Pakistani Army (3.0 Million, Muslims in large numbers with very small numbers of Hindus and Christians), in Bangladesh. Both of these genocides were perpetrated acting deliberately against the tradition of Islam disregarding strict tenets against physical annihilation of non-combatant civilians for achieving political ends other than imposition of Jijya (special tax) on non-Muslim population even which was progressively abolished during Muslim rule of India in the 16th century, at the same time when still the orthodox Christians were burning the "apostates" in the stakes carrying out their sacred duty of Inquisition.

However, readers attention is drawn here in the attempt to realize that the essence of contemporary epoch of history does not lie anymore in grand narrations of cultures and civilizations but in the tales of recognition or rejection of the small needs of the people of diverse cultures diverging into making of a "Global Village" recognizing equity of fundamental human rights and international laws. Hence in course of the very turn of history that has taken the road onward in this millennium, rather now the World history is putting on records the names of those acts and actors providing or disregarding the course of recognizing uniform code of global ethics and international laws founded on mutual help, cooperation, compassion and humanity.

History reminds time and again that, many have not preferred to read the dispassionate tales and tried to learn the lessons from the history to follow the course it has indicated. Earlier pieces of history have always provided us with all the records of events those shaped the ingredients and components of intertwined fabric of humanity and civilization. As many diverse versions and interpretations of history would be available in the literatures of history, similarly as many of the readers -- at a given point of time- would also get into believing and accepting the make believe interpretations those would suit ones passion, interest or mindset. But history has its own way of making and the dispassionate inquiry deep into those literatures will always reveal the truth in the long run as peoples' conscious efforts for the exhumation of truth of humanity can be fooled or diverted only temporarily, with lies.

Lies repeated time and again make people to believe the lies as truth, and that was the theory of Goebles who served Hitler the best, to create the myth of the "blood religion" claiming racial superiority of the Nordic, ironically while 20th century was emerging as the epoch of the beginning with placing the peoples taking the protagonists role of the histories in making. German people believed in those lies, which met with common peoples' wider resistances globally built on all fronts to bring for them ultimate miseries of distress, death and destruction. The lives those lost -- paid the price. The lives those survived -- learnt the lessons. The price of demystification of Goeblesian myth was too dear for the Germans to forget, and the World to remember for eternal future.

People's history on record shows, when the people of erstwhile East Pakistan was struggling to attain equitable political right and economic parity, the Goebles of Pakistan termed it as Indian long hand of conspiracy to weaken Pakistan. The media machinery of Nurul Amin, the then Chief Minister of Muslim League Government even resorted to heinous propaganda that there was slogan of "Jai Hind" given at Narayanganj by the protestors rallying in favour of the historic language movement in 1952. When the historic 6-point demand of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ultimately became the "Magna Carta" of independence movement with the roaring slogan of "Jai Bangla", the Pakistani propaganda barons reacted against it with the rancorous slogan of "Jai Bangla, Jai Hind -- Lungi Chaira Dhuti Pind". Suggesting that the people who had been voicing the slogan of "Jai Bangla" wanted to make erstwhile East Pakistan part of India and the Muslims who were then wearing "Lungi" should start wearing "Dhuti", the common attire for Hindus.

In erstwhile East Pakistan, the right reactionaries of Muslim Elitist Forces led by Muslim League in tandem with the left radical forces led by underground armed communist movements who were opposing the nationalist aspiration of the people which grew through the language movement and matured through the movements for 6-point and 11-point demands, from its onset termed those movements of demanding political and economic parity as "subversive" movements to weaken the integrity of Muslim Pakistan favouring India. The right reactionary character of the Pakistani ruling clique always preferred to assert Muslim nationalism aggressively vis-à-vis integrity of Pakistan to reject the demands of wider political and economic rights of different ethnic nationalities under the five provinces, which constituted pseudo-federalist, pseudo-democratic Pakistan, most of the time lacking an workable democratic constitution for decades infringed and encroached often by the coming and going of military dictatorships. The radical leftists from under their garb of ultra-progressiveness, with distorted analysis of the socio-political realities questioned the class position of the atriotic nationalist forces deeply suspecting their commitment for national independence, democracy and people's economic emancipation. Ultimately with that faulty theory they came out in public opposing the nationalist movements not differing with the reactionary Pakistani regimes in action furthering subversive campaigns, and as well in implicating those nationalist movements as well to be Indian conspiracies same like the Muslim Nationalists.

It is needful to remind that, the "spectre" of Pakistan those are left behind on our back in Bangladesh which are fledging with fresh stems and branches nurtured by the proponents of communal politics – not to forget that, the concept of democracy, people's political empowerment, equitable distribution of national income and investment directed towards balanced growth of all the people living under the different provinces of Pakistan was never in the mind of the Pakistani ruling clique, although they invoked religion and claimed to build Muslim federal states, for dividing India under the smokescreen of Islamic justice and in the name of so-called Muslim nationalism. A total fraud and fabricated political doctrine misinterpreting the religious and legal doctrine of Islam furthered with ulterior motive to favour the upper elite Muslim class of Indian subcontinent. In practice, therefore, it was found that the Pakistani ruling elitist clique preferred to impose parochial version of Islamism only for the sake of national integrity of the separate territory perceived by them to rule, so that they could economically exploit unfettered the God fearing Muslim ethnic nationalities in pro-colonial style following the legacy of the British colonialist rule, but not for delivering socio-economic justice to its citizens equitably even upto the standard of pluralism those Islam preaches.

The real face of the exploitive character worldwide of the Muslim elitist class for imposition of the orthodox and distorted version of religion in the nation building as well as in the functions of the socio-economic and legal affairs of the Muslim states is evident from high proportion of social backwardness, economic poverty and income inequality side by side with autocratic rule existing invariably in almost all the newly independent Muslim states of the post colonial era in the 20th century.

Therefore, if the history interpreting the people's movements in the then East Pakistan waged towards attaining just political right and socio-economic parity within the framework of Pakistan were to be considered anti-Islamic side by side as Indian conspiracy and if the propaganda of Pakistani Goebles made in those lines made during 23 years of Pakistani rule over Bangladesh should be taken to be credible, then deductively it might not be wrong also to presume that, the Pakistani Military Generals--Yahya Khan, Tikka Khan and Niazi -- were also probably acting under the influence of "Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)", the counter intelligence outfit of India to have conspired to crack down mercilessly on unarmed civilians of erstwhile East Pakistan on the darkest night of 25th March, 1971, because that imprudent and cruelest act of genocide then had decisively led the people of the Eastern wing of Pakistan to the irreconcilable point of rejection of Pakistan and proclaim independence.

Muslim Generals or Monarchs during the Umayyad, Abbasid or Uthman dynasties did not also carry out such a mass scale of rape and genocide even on the non-combatants non-Muslims, which ironically the Pakistani Generals and their boot-lickers heinously carried out in Bangladesh on the non-combatant Muslims, in the name of Islam. The section of the orthodox civil society in Bangladesh, whose willful amnesia of this piece of history is getting directed to shrewdlyrevoke Muslim nationalism in the hearts and minds of the younger generation of the newly independent Bangladesh, must be frustrated. They are acting to prove themselves to be not only enemies of humanity but at the same time enemies of Islamic humanism.

Particularly, in view of the rise of terrorism and militarism, which is growing globally bred with distorted interpretation of Jihad (holy war) and political indoctrination of Islam. Few democratic intellectuals who are also getting disoriented nowadays impressed by the anti-imperialist agenda of "Muslim Terrorism" need to reexamine the phenomenon in the light of the fact as to whether those forces ideologically could ultimately play conducive role in building a tolerant, pluralistic democratic society committed towards people's economic emancipation and social equity. This type of shortsighted approaches to wrongfully identify the components comprising the broad based anti-imperialist unity of the democratic forces of the world humanity is not only dangerous but highly disastrous course set to backfire the whole agenda of anti-imperialism burnt to ashes.

Few claims that Late General Ziaur Rahman, founder of BNP, the political party currently in the Government, made the proclamation, when the constitution of Bangladesh records that Late Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the life and soul of AL, currently in the opposition, made the proclamation of independence of Bangladesh. Without going into the unnecessary controversy as to who proclaimed the independence of Bangladesh, taking it otherwise hypothetically in the relative premises that both of the claims are true then it leads to the irrefutable conclusion that AL, as well as the founder President of BNP sought and fought armed struggle for independence of Bangladesh towards secession from Pakistan. Hence, further down the line, if the propaganda claims of Pakistani ruling clique are taken to be correct assertion of fact, then the logic makes it also to be true that irrefutably the forefathers of both the party in power and the opposition of today's Bangladesh played their role miserably under the hands of Indian design for secession of erstwhile East Pakistan to destroy integrity of Pakistan, and coincidently weakened the "sacred" Muslim country miserably, to the strategic benefit of India.

Hence, the raison d'etre of the freedom movement with all the fundamental inspirations those played vital role behind the struggle for independence of Bangladesh, should then be considered as concocted theories and nothing but those had been fabricated to serve Indian interest, and for which historically both founder of BNP and AL are to be held responsible and if possible their dead bodies should be exhumed and tried for high treason with charges for hatching conspiracy of dividing the sacred Islamic State of Pakistan. This is what apparently the Pakistani `spectre' left behind in Bangladesh want us to get brainwashed with and to believe. Hence they wish to inspire to hatch all sorts of conspiracy against the democratic patriotic forces of Bangladesh hence acting up and doingagainst the rise of consciousness of the people of Bangladesh who wish to surge ahead to fight and secure their right for political-economic empowerment strengthening the sovereignty engaging themselves to the historic struggle towards development of "Democratic Bangladesh". With this objective, with the distorted version of Islam and so-called Muslim Nationalism side by side they are hatching all kinds of conspiracies to divert and suppress people's effort for building strong democratic institutions and socio-economic backbone with uniform code of ethics and human rights capable to deliver equitable rule of law and social justice.

It is no more a secret that these pseudo-Islamists and pro-Pakistani nationalists in alliance with pseudo-progressive elements are covertly involved to build "Muslim Bangladesh" invoking Muslim nationalism turning the wheel back to the legacy of autocratic rule in Pakistani style, with economy subservient to imperialist exploitation. That is why these elements become thrilled to get them identified as "moderate Muslims" in the list of the self-assumed brand distributor of the World, waiting to get patted on the back like General Pervez Musharraf, the self-proclaimed President of Pakistan.

Needless to mention that, hence at the same time the local collaborators of the Pakistani Military Junta wish the people of Bangladesh to forget the grim saga of rape and genocide for which the then members of the Pakistani ruling clique and their local collaborators are responsible and ironically who are yet to be tried for the war crimes which they committed in the name of distorted version of Islam. It is quite unfortunate but it is true also that, with the assassination of the founding leaderships of independent Bangladesh and through political conspiracies hatched by the successive autocratic regimes led by a section of civil-military bureaucracy during 1975-1990, in the meantime those `specters' of Pakistani version of religious communalism have engulfed the minds and intellects of a considerable section of politicians, academicians and members of civil-military bureaucracy of our country, creating a sharp and conflicting division in the body politik of Bangladesh, which is evident from the confrontational nature of political practice adding to political restlessness which continue to exist even during the past 14 years period since restoration of parliamentary democratic form of governance from 1991 onward till date.

A small piece of humor may be recalled. A poor peasant sent his son to school. The rich neighbour reacted, "Well, the fellow may try waste his money, but the son will not pass the exams." After the son passed all the exams, the rich neighbour still claimed, "Well, the son may pass the exams but it is impossible for him to get any job." But, the poor peasant's son got a good job, too. The rich neighbour maintained, "Well, he may have a job, but he will not get any salary."

We have been discouraged in course of pre- and post-independence history with the so-called infallible theories against any possibility of independent economic survivability of Bangladesh. Theories suggesting that independent Bangladesh must have to live as a state economically subservient to the big neighbour India, had then been presented to argue not only to discourage the independence movement but later also continued to get used to discourage any normal bilateral political-economic neighborly relation between India and Bangladesh, with shrewd campaign sowing the seed of suspicion hindering even normal bilateral relation between these two countries. Same like the vested interest in Pakistan would practice to sustain political tension to keep the people's eyes and minds away from the domestic issues of democratic political and economic rights of the common mass with ulterior motive for hindering development of domestic democratic polity, so that the clique of the vested ruling elite comprising big bourgeoisie and the land-lords who are out in plundering the national wealth could continue to economically and politically exploit their own people for unfettered misappropriation of power and national wealth for their economic self-aggrandizement.

The skewed political campaign made in the same line in Bangladesh not only weakens and erodes the self-respect and self-confidence of a country whose people inherits the pride of fighting and liberating the country through armed struggle, but also makes it on the other hand susceptible to get misguided in the path of upbringing of healthy foreign relation strategy of "enmity with none and friendship with all", which is constitutionally the declared paradigm of foreign relation strategy as well found beneficial for a developing country like Bangladesh. When one need to be grateful to India without any sense of miserliness expressed for their historical support in the liberation war of Bangladesh, at the same time, that sense of gratitude thus shown not necessarily should mean giving up mutual respect and accrued strength in the positions of argument for securing just settlement of the bilateral issues pertaining to trade, commerce, water-sharing, border demarcations or the sensitive issue like the unwanted cross-border hideouts of insurgents requiring cleansing operation carried out in both sides of the border, otherwise it goes on inflicting unnecessary political tension in one or two regionally isolated pockets in both the countries.

As long as those bilateral issues get going to get resolved through widening and strengthening of diplomatic maneuverability and technical expertise, the people of both the countries will be more benefited than through making those issues into exchange of tense media rhetoric or intellectual polemics hatching grounds for political tension to undertake short-term gains in the domestic partisan politics. In between the neighborly countries, exchange of views and dialogue both in private, public and political level needs to be broadened as much as possible in open mind and there is no reason for a democratic country like India to discourage the effort of building broader environment of reciprocities of discourses in this manner with Bangladesh.

When Agartala is alleged to become safe haven for the insurgents of Chittagong hill district of Bangladesh, at the same time as retaliatory measure to make Sylhet as safe haven for the Naga or Mizo insurgents of India does not look as pragmatic step. On the other hand Bangladesh need to recognize the rights of their own indigenous ethnic minorities for their land and livelihood and undertake to implement the necessary steps boldly towards a just settlement of the concerned issues upholding the territorial integrity of Bangladesh. At the same time necessary steps would require for neutralizing the political pressure of the majority ethnics settlers in those lands. When we need to solve our own internal problem recognizing diversity under the concept of territorial nationalism in the same way we should also forcefully encourage India to settle their own internal problems of insurgency taking the pragmatic course of just political settlements through concerted efforts recognizing the political and economic demand of the backward section of the people of the eastern Indian states. But definitely we cannot take that position strongly with India keeping our own domestic problem unresolved.

In fact both Bangladesh and India should have scope to cooperate with each other to solve those mutual problems of small scale insurgencies occurring in the eastern borders now at their budding stage before those take shape of serious military conflicts founded on mass discontent escalating into larger scales with massive displacement of populations across the borders creating deep humanitarian crisis complicating and jeopardizing the situation further. It looks always pragmatic to get engaged to treat a disease at its earliest stage before it becomes malignant and deadly for the political health of both of the two countries. Because, if that would happen, then the shock of the discontent and conflict would affect Bangladesh as a small country socio-economically proportionately at much higher rate than India, obviously because India is much bigger country with higher capability to contain and sustain the socio-economic cost of the political problem in their one or two small states in their eastern region. When we have lot to say to both India and Pakistan or to the international community for political solution of the long drawn Kashmir issue, but to bring similar issue to our borders as to simulate pressure tactic apparently as friendly gesture to Pakistan or to instigate Muslim nationalism in the soils of Bangladesh is no less than act of enmity against the overall interest of the people of Bangladesh. The forces that wish to further this type of heinous agenda hiding in the administration and politics of independent Bangladesh should be identified and punished bringing charges of treason.

During the last 33 years of history of bilateral relation between India and Bangladesh, nevertheless without any exception, it has been observed and found that the political leaderships who tried to prove them more outwardly vocal against perceived Indian hegemonic foreign policy had traded-off more concession favouring India rather than who have shown strong self-confidence and thus dealing with the issues being friendly and less fearful requiring anti-Indian mass media campaign in the background had traded more beneficial settlements favouring Bangladesh in a friendly tension free environment. All neighbouring countries in the World shall have issues requiring settlements and history has shown invariably that the issues gets settled the best through practice of dialogue in wider scale with open mind upholding environment of neighborly relation of friendship rather than amidst smokescreen of distrust and suspicion. Bangladesh has many friends in the Indian intelligentsia and similarly India has also several friends in Bangladesh intelligential which is obvious being neighbourly country and inheriting similar customs, tradition and culture, for having lived together for many centuries. There are also about 100 million Muslims in India, who prefer to remain Indians and the same time friendly with Muslim countries like Bangladesh and
Pakistan.

The forces that opposed the independence of Bangladesh both politically and militantly collaborating with the acts of rape and genocide perpetrated by the Pakistani occupational Army in 1971, never accepted their political defeat. If they had accepted that -- which Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had mistakenly expected by showing his magnanimity through proclamation of General Amnesty -- then after independence taking it a political reality, they should have integrated them in the mainstream political line of the perception of democracy on which Bangladesh was founded and never have returned to their earlier profession of politicization of Islam and anti-Indian propaganda stance, the same old political spectre of Pakistan, from the very curse of which Bangladesh wished to escape. For that, how much of blood and tears the people of Bangladesh shed during the war of independence and post-independence period, are they all not seen written on the walls with blood of our martyrs for the readers of history to
know?

History has proved that a country surges ahead from 'strength to strength' – taking the courses of building strong democratic institutions step by step. The constitution of 1972 emerged to get destined for that. But, unfortunately later history did not follow the path so chosen with rise of internal divisions within the political forces who in the past fought united for independence. No doubt the national and international vested interest who opposed the independence of Bangladesh similarly during post-independence period they did not wish to see an independent Bangladesh to grow with strong socio-economic foundation practicing democracy – thus instigated the politics of divisionism.

The creation of Jatiyo Samajtrantik Dal (JSD) within few months from the date of liberation of Dhaka with radical slogan of so- called "Scientific Socialism" and "Social revolution" forged by the agent provocateurs within the most vital youth forces of the country made to disrupt national unity at the immediate post independence period which was fuelled further by the radical Maoists agenda in such a proportion that even Maulana Bhashani got himself disoriented with perceived threat of Indian hegemonic reprisal on independent Bangladesh. Eventually, the distorted militant political line undertook by JSD and NAP (Bhashani) nexus not only weakened the process of democratic development of Bangladesh but also forced the pro-liberation leaderships to get into defensive back foot with miserable guillotine of democratic constitution which prepared the ground for bloody coup-de-tat to usher the rule of autocracy exhuming the communal forces only within three and half years of the birth of the nation which was historically born with firm commitment and millions of sacrifice for building democratic Bangladesh.

How much the result of bad politics can get disastrous, the people of Bangladesh have experienced during 1975-1990 being under the periods of autocratic rules living in between misfortunes of politics of bloodshed and military coup-de-tats in the same old Pakistani style. The political stigma of Serajul Alam Khan -- the mentor of JSD -- and that of the Maoist lieutenants acting from under the armpits of Late Maulana Bhashani, miserably disoriented and stigmatized the democratic development of Bangladesh at its onset, embarking infantile disease of divisiveness in the body politic of our nation, with which the country till today continue to languish.

India is a vast country with diverse ethnic and religious population. It has firmly established federal democracy with 25 provincial states and 7 Union territories ruled by autonomous provincial Governments and a central Government. This is fact that India has problem with their eastern states, which are unequally developed compared to other parts of India. The underdevelopment is causing discontent among the masses of the eastern states with rise of insurgency. The insurgents often tend to use Bangladesh as their hinterland for its geographic reality of porous border and our weak border security.

When Bangladesh has loads of her own problems, it never goes to the benefit of Bangladesh to shelter or encourage the East Indian insurgents to cause unnecessary tension in the bilateral relation between big neighbour India and Bangladesh. If any forces in Bangladesh ever dream of instigating India by inspiring those insurgents letting willfully allow to build up tension within the good neighborly relation between these two countries, they cannot be considered as friend of Bangladesh. Because, the economic cost of such tension is bound to jeopardize the upward trend of economic growth, which the people of Bangladesh has hard earned in the recent years.

India had problem with Sikh separatist movements too in Eastern Punjab bordering with Pakistan. Dealing with them with iron hand led to severe discontentment among the Sikhs, culminating ultimately in the assassination of one of the most popular Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi inflicted by the bullets fired from her Sikh guard. Even West Bengal bordered with Bangladesh had once been gripped under rising of insurgency of left radical terrorism, which subsided with heavy handed administrative steps side by side with pragmatist politics of assimilation undertook incognito by the left front Government of West Bengal.

The insurgency in Kashmir divided between Pakistan and India is the infantile disease existing between these two countries since independence. Tension in the bilateral relation between neighbouring states of Pakistan and India for more than 50 years, on Kashmiri insurgency issue, not only caused wars between these two countries, but led both these neighbouring countries through severe arms race upto acquiring of long range missiles and nukes those both the countries hardly should economically afford. Bleeding their economy with the cost of sophisticated arms, unfortunately, hence almost keeping half of the population in both of these countries, illiterate and living below the poverty line. Needless to add the mass figures of the untold sufferings and setbacks of ill health and malnutrition, the populations of these countries suffer due to low public investment in the human development sectors.

Bangladesh is the youngest nation state in South Asia, born with the commitment to establish a democratic society. To strengthen the democratic institutions at all levels with proper distribution of power both vertically and horizontally recognizing people's right ensuring their wider participation in socio-economic development activities maintaining rule of law with successive reduction of income inequality, are the main tasks now to fulfill its objective to emerge as a sovereign and economically vibrant state in this sub-continent. It is imperative to shun communalism and resist rise of fundamentalism or rise of any autocratic trend intolerant to freedom of speech. In this way, we would be able to develop the patriotic nationalist democratic leaderships from the people and foil any attempted conspiracy of foreign forces seeking dominations in the internal affairs of our country. Therefore, without leading the hoax of campaign of conspiracies of foreign interventionism responsible against domestic political restlessness rather on the other hand the responsible political leadership, civil and military members of the bureaucracy of the government and the concerned intellectuals of our country need to dedicate their time and energy to undertake the necessary steps diligently and expeditiously for strengthening of the democratic institutions, heightening the quality of transparency and accountability removing the bottlenecks of mal-governance of our country because those will be the bases of power and our ultimate saviour protecting the sovereignty of our country from perceived conspiracies seeking foreign interference or intervention.

Once we strengthen our democratic institution involving people's trust and participation letting our self-confidence grows then we would be able to lead us successfully to reap economic benefit enormously exploiting the geopolitical position acting as bridge of international trade cooperation between the South Asian and South-east Asian countries. At this moment the main task of the political leadership in power is to dedicate sincerely to strengthen the democratic institutions of the country, ensuring establishment of rule of law proving their sincerity and commitment towards patriotic nationalism and democracy, without hysteria of campaign against the opposition or perceived foreign conspiracies allegedly seeking intervention.

Concluded


Sonarbangladesh 04/10/2004